Hepatitis A

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Hepatitis A
Qooqodama fi ooddefanoowan aalaa walqabatan
Hepatitis A
A case of jaundice caused by hepatitis A
ICD/CIM-10 B15 B15
ICD/CIM-9 070.0, 070.1 070.0, 070.1
DiseasesDB 5757
MedlinePlus 000278

Hepatitis A (maqaan inni ittiin beekkamu infectious hepatitis) jedhama acute dhukkuba faalaa/infectious disease kan ltiruu/liver ka’uumsi isaa vayirasii hepatitis A (HAV).[1] Baay’een isaa keessattuu dargaggoota irratti mallattoo dhukkuba xiqqoo mul’isa yookin mallattoo omatuu hin argisiisu.[2] Yeroon wayita faallamaa fi mallattoon dhukkuba itti mul’atu gidduu jiru, torban lamaa anga torban ja’aa ta’a.[3] Wayita mallattoon dhukkubsachuu mul’atu keessattuu dhuma torban saddeetii booda: nyaata jibbisiisu, ol-debisiisu, gadi-teessisu , gogaan keelloo ta’u/yellow skin, hoo’ina qaamaa, fi dhukkubbi garaatu irratti mul’ata.[2] Namoonni dhibbantaa 10–15 ta’an jalqaba faallamanii kaasee torban ja’a booda mallattoo dhukkubbii argisiisu.[2] tiruun tajaajilaan ala ta’un/Acute liver failure tarbee darbee kan mul’atu yoo ta’u kunis harka caaluu namoota dullooman irratti mul’ata.[2]

Ka’uumsa[edit | Lakkaddaa gulaali]

Yeroo baay’ee kan tamsa’u bishaan yookin nyaata boobbaa dhukkuba kana qabuun faallame dhuguu fi nyaachudhaani.[2] qurxummiin/ Shellfish yoo sirriitti bilchaachuu baate aga tokko dhukkuba kana dadabarsuu danda’a.[4] Nama dhukkuba kanaan qabame waliin walitti dhiyenyaan jirachudhaanis namatti darbuu danda’a.[2] Daa’imman faallaman mallattoo dhukkubbii yoo argisiisu baatan illee dhukkubichi isaan irraa namoota gara biraatti darbuu danda’a.[2] Al tokko namni faallamee fayye sana booda umurii isaa guutuu deebi’ee hin qabamu.[5] Sababa mallattoon dhukkubbi dhibeewwan gara biraatin wal fakkaataniif dhukkubicha addaan baasanii baruuf qorannoon dhiigaa barbaachisaadha.[2] Dhukkubni hepatitis viruses gosoota adda addaa shan: A, B, C, D, and Etiin beekkama.

Ittisaa fi yaala[edit | Lakkaddaa gulaali]

Gosni hepatitis A vaccine ittisaaf mijataadha.[2][6] Biyyoonnii tokko tokko daa’immanii fi iddoo sodaa guddaan jirutti warra ijoollumaatti hin talaalamin talaalchisu.[2][7] Talaallin ummurii guutudhaaf ittisa.[2] Tarkaanfiwwan ittisaa kuun harka dhiqachuu/hand washing fi nyaata sirriitti bilcheessudha.[2] Yaalin addaa godhamu hin jiru,boqonnaa fudhachuu fi qoricha nausea yookin diarrhea fudhachuun akkuma barbaachisaa ta’etti ajajamuu fi danda’a.[2] yeroo baay’ee faalamnii uummame guutumaa guututti dhukkuba tiruu itti fufiinsa qabuu malee ni fayya.[2] Yaalii tiruu tajaajilaan ala t’ee ilaalchisee, wanti akkasii yoo muuddate tiruu bakka buusudhaan/liver transplantion dhaan yaallama.[2]

Tamsa’ina[edit | Lakkaddaa gulaali]

Sadarkaa addunyaatti dhukkuba kanan walqabatee gara namoota miiliyooma 1.5 ta’antu dhukkubsata [2] walumaa galatti namoota faallaman miiliyoona 10 ta’an keessaa.[8] Dhukkubichi kutaa addunyaa qulqullina gadi aanaa qabanii fi bishaan qulqulluu ga’uumsaan hin argannetti bali’aan mul’ata.[7] Biyyoota guddachaa jiran developing world keessatti daa’imman dhibbantaa 90 ta’an yeroo umuriin isaanii waggaa 10 waan faallamaniif yeroo guddatan dhukkubichaan hin qabaman.[7] Biyyoota guddatan keessatti ijoollen yeroo daa’imummaa waan hin saaxilamnee fi talaallin yoo kennamuu baate bifa weerraraatin mul’ata.[7] Bara 2010 keessa, dhukkubni “acute hepatitis A” namoota 102,000 ajeese.[9] Guyyaan Hepatitis Addunyaa/World Hepatitis Day adoolessa 28 ubannoo waayee viral hepatitisuumudhaaf kabajama.[7]

Maddawwan[edit | Lakkaddaa gulaali]

  1. Ryan KJ, Ray CG (editors) (2004). Sherris Medical Microbiology (4th ed.). McGraw Hill. pp. 541–4. ISBN 0-8385-8529-9. 
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 Matheny, SC; Kingery, JE (1 December 2012). "Hepatitis A.". Am Fam Physician 86 (11): 1027–34; quiz 1010–2. PMID 23198670. 
  3. Connor BA (2005). "Hepatitis A vaccine in the last-minute traveler". Am. J. Med. 118 (Suppl 10A): 58S–62S. doi:10.1016/j.amjmed.2005.07.018. PMID 16271543. 
  4. Bellou, M.; Kokkinos, P.; Vantarakis, A. (March 2013). "Shellfish-borne viral outbreaks: a systematic review.". Food Environ Virol 5 (1): 13–23. doi:10.1007/s12560-012-9097-6. PMID 23412719. 
  5. The Encyclopedia of Hepatitis and Other Liver Diseases. Infobase. 2006. p. 105. ISBN 9780816069903. 
  6. Irving, GJ.; Holden, J.; Yang, R.; Pope, D. (2012). "Hepatitis A immunisation in persons not previously exposed to hepatitis A.". Cochrane Database Syst Rev 7: CD009051. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD009051.pub2. PMID 22786522. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 "Hepatitis A Fact sheet N°328". World Health Organization. July 2013. Retrieved 20 February 2014. 
  8. Wasley, A; Fiore, A; Bell, BP (2006). "Hepatitis A in the era of vaccination.". Epidemiol Rev 28: 101–11. doi:10.1093/epirev/mxj012. PMID 16775039. 
  9. Lozano, R (Dec 15, 2012). "Global and regional mortality from 235 causes of death for 20 age groups in 1990 and 2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010". Lancet 380 (9859): 2095–128. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(12)61728-0. PMID 23245604.